2-3 March 2023, Tartu, Estonia

Russia’s Futures

From the establishment of the Baltic Defence College and especially from the inception of our conference and publications, we have become a hub of expert knowledge unveiling diverse trends relating to Russian domestic and external connections. These debates become even more salient after Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine last February. 

Since 2015, we have convened the annual Conference on Russia, which has brought together the Baltic and allied military communities, international bodies, governments, academia, and the commercial sector to examine the most critical issues shaping Russia, its near abroad, and global concerns.  

The 2023 Conference, which will take place on March 2-3, 2023, aims to intensify these debates by focusing on the guiding topic of Russia’s future. At this point, the panels will discuss a variety of interconnected topics, including how global powers can deter Russia, NATO’s Russia compass, Russia’s military recovery, the hostile battleground in digital and cyber space, and any prospects for a Russian path to normalcy. We intend to discuss not only the current situation, but also future scenarios that will have an impact on transatlantic security and the Baltic Sea region for decades to come.  

We hope you will join us in the discussion! 

Keynote Speaker

Keynote Speaker will be published in 2023.




Opening Remarks


Keynote Speech


Panel I: Global Powers Deter Russia


Power Coffee Break


Online Broadcast


Panel II: NATO’s Russia Compass


Online Broadcast


Panel III: Student Panel: Exploring Power beyond Nuclear Military Might


Coffee Break


Online Broadcast


Panel IV: Russia's Military Resurgence - A Closer Reality Than Anticipated


Buffet Lunch


Online Broadcast


Online Broadcast


Panel V: Navigating the Intersection of Digital Transformation, Global Influence, and Russian Narratives


Coffee Break


Online Broadcast


Panel VI: Russia's Difficult Journey towards a Stable and Normal Future


Closing Remarks

The Baltic Defence College, based in Tartu, Estonia, stands at the intersection of East and West, and is dedicated to exploring the complexities and challenges of our eastern neighbor, Russia. The College’s annual Conference on Russia is a flagship event in its academic program, and serves as a platform for experts from the political, diplomatic, military, and academic spheres to share their insights and perspectives on Russia.

Since 2014, the College has hosted the Conference on Russia, which has grown in both scope and importance over the years. Previous editions of the Conference have explored various aspects of Russian power and projection, Russian revisionism, the centennial of the Russian Revolution, Russian challenges and responses, non-linear challenges, Russia’s self-perception versus geostrategic realities, and the impact of Russia’s embrace of its revisionist past in light of its invasion of Ukraine. The overarching goal of the Conference each year has been to delve deeper into Russia’s view of itself and the world.

The 2023 Conference, “Russia’s Futures,” is poised to continue this tradition of excellence with a focus on the future trajectory of Russia in the new paradigm of the war in Ukraine. The conference will bring together a diverse group of experts to engage in discussions on critical issues, including the role of global powers in deterring further Russian adventurism and aggression, NATO’s internal and external response, alternative approaches to power projection beyond nuclear saber-rattling, the contested informational space, Russia’s military restructuring, and whether Russia has a pathway to becoming a normal member of the international community.

In addition to the dynamic debates and discussions, the 2023 Conference will also feature the third annual publication of the Conference Proceedings. This publication serves as a valuable resource for experts and stakeholders alike, providing cutting-edge insight into the themes and subjects covered during the conference. The proceedings consist of chapters written by some of the leading experts on Russia, exploring subjects such as geopolitics, demography, political systems, cultural identity, and military technology. By serving as a platform for worldwide debate and discussion, the Conference Proceedings play a crucial role in advancing our understanding of Russia and its place in the world.

The Conference on Russia 2023 is a must-attend event for those seeking to deepen their understanding of Russia and its role in the world. The College looks forward to welcoming experts and stakeholders from across the globe to Tartu in March 2023 for this dynamic and thought-provoking event.

This conference is supported by NATO Public Diplomacy Division, Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, NATO Defense College, Tartu City,  Latvijas Mobilais Telefons, MILREM Robotics.

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